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is the federal government's main environmental arm. Its mandate
and enhance the quality of the natural environment, including
water, air and soil quality;
Canada's renewable resources, including migratory birds and other
non-domestic flora and fauna;
and protect Canada's water resources;
the rules made by the Canada - United States International Joint
Commission relating to boundary waters; and,
co-ordinate environmental policies and programs for the federal
Environment Canada promotes a vision of Canada where people make
responsible decisions about the environment, where the environment
is sustained for the benefit of present and future generations,
and helps Canadians live and prosper in an environment that needs
to be respected, protected and conserved.
Environment Canada and FREMP
As a federal agency, Environment Canada is responsible for every
aspect of Canada's environment: land, water, air, and wildlife.
Any actions for the Fraser River estuary must be consistent with
policies established for the rest of Canada.
Environment Canada plays an important role in all areas of the
Program, with a presence on the Management Committee, the Water
and Land Use Committee and the FREMP Environmental Review Committee.
most applicable to the FREMP area includes the Canadian
Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA),
Act (principally Section 36(3) which prohibits the planned
or accidental discharge of deleterious substances to waters frequented
by fish), the Migratory
Birds Convention Act, and the Canadian
Environmental Protection Act. Environment Canada co-ordinates
waterfowl surveys through the Canadian
Wildlife Service (CWS) branch.
Canadian Wildlife Service
Service is Canada's national wildlife agency which operates
under the auspices of Environment Canada. They handle wildlife matters
that are the responsibility of the federal government. This includes
the protection and management of migratory birds and nationally
important wildlife habitat, endangered species, research on nationally
important wildlife issues, control of international trade in endangered
species, and international treaties. The federal and provincial
governments share wildlife management in Canada.
1973 the Canada
Wildlife Act was passed enabling the federal government
to carry out wildlife research and, in co-operation with the provinces,
to undertake a wide range of wildlife conservation and interpretation
activities for "any non-domestic animals or their habitats."